It is the shortest link between the navigable Rhine and the Po. More than ten years drilling heads working on the "century-construction" in the mountains. The new railway base tunnel helps to reduce the traffic load from the Gotthard road tunnel. Juni 1993", "Bundesbeschluss über Bau und Finanzierung von Infrastrukturvorhaben des öffentlichen Verkehrs – Chronologie", "Bundesbeschluss über die Genehmigung der sektoriellen Abkommen zwischen der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft einerseits und der Europäischen Gemeinschaft sowie gegebenenfalls ihrer Mitgliedstaaten oder der Europäischen Atomgemeinschaft andererseits – Chronologie", "Experience in Spoil Management on Conclusion of Excavations for the Gottard Base Tunnel", "Your reduced travel time through the Gotthard Base Tunnel", "100,000th train travels through the Gotthard Base Tunnel", "Gotthard rail tunnel boosts north-south traffic by a third", "Längster Eisenbahntunnel der Welt ist fast zu erfolgreich", AGN Erstfeld Amsteg Constructors Web Site, Publications by and about Gotthard Base Tunnel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gotthard_Base_Tunnel&oldid=995143823, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Romansh-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles to be expanded from October 2018, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 5.20 m (17.1 ft) from top of rail to overhead conductor. From the bottom of the valley, the tunnel proceeds towards the valley of the Rein da Nalps (Val Nalps) and passes east of Lai da Nalps, before crossing the Gannaretsch range below the western summit of Piz Vatgira (2,981 m (9,780 ft)). The Gotthard Tunnel in Switzerland is a very important transportation route for both trains and vehicles between northern and southern Europe. The Gotthard tunnel in the southern Switzerland is together with the Brenner motorway one of the most important north-south routes across the Alps to Italy. [33][34], On 30 August 2013, the tunnel was entirely traversed for the first time from Bodio to Erstfeld in six hours, by diesel train, buses and by foot. The purpose of the renovation work, which is to be completed by the year 2035 at the latest, is to address structural concerns and secure continued compliance with safety regulations. From there, the tunnel runs parallel to the small valley of Etzli, below the Witenalpstock. Simplon, San Bernardino, Brenner, Mont Cenis), namely in 1830, the first Saint-Gotthard Pass road was established after centuries-long usage of a bridle path. [64] On 5 December, the Swiss Federal Railways were granted permission from the Federal Transport Office to use the new base line. The Gotthard-Base Tunnel will be the worlds longest traffic tunnel, with a length of 57 km. The Gotthard Road Tunnel in Switzerland runs from Göschenen in the canton of Uri at its northern portal, to Airolo in Ticino to the south, and is 16.9 kilometres in length below the St Gotthard Pass, a major pass of the Alps. It posed a huge challenge for automobiles. A second law, the Alpine Protection Act of February 1994,[26] requires a shift of as much tonnage as possible from truck transport to train transport. There, the tunnel penetrates the western slopes of the Bälmeten and Chli Windgällen (although only marginally) before passing below the valley of the Chärstelenbach, a creek in the Maderanertal. Note the prevalence of coniferous trees and snow at the north portal and the absence of them at the south portal. The existing tunnel with two lanes in one tube was opened in 1980 and has to be renovated, which requires a closure of several years. The Gotthard Road Tunnel, itself an incredibly impressive piece of engineering measuring 16.9 kilometres (10.5 mi) and reaching 1,080 metres (3,540 ft) underground, opened for traffic in 1980 and remains one of the most important road routes on the north-south axis through the Alps. Since the opening of the Gotthard railway tunnel (15 km long tunnel since 1882) and Gotthard road tunnel (motorway tunnel since 1980) the historical Gotthard Pass has lost his importance. The existing Gotthard road tunnel with a length of 16.9 km ensures the crossing of the Swiss Alps via highway N02 between the municipalities of Göschenen in the north and Airolo in the south since 1980. It connects Göschenen with Airolo and was the first tunnel through the Saint-Gotthard Massif in order to bypass the St Gotthard Pass.It is built as one double-track, standard gauge tunnel. The existing tube of the Gotthard Road Tunnel is scheduled to undergo extensive renovation. Quite late, compared to other current top-importance routes through the Alps (e.g. At the end of the access tunnel, two vertical shafts lead 800 m (2,625 ft) down to the base tunnel level. Biasca, south portal, 312 m (1,024 ft) a.s.l. The tunnel passes under these two ranges more than two kilometres (6,600 ft) below the Chrüzlistock (2,709 m (8,888 ft)) and the Piz Vatgira (2,983 m (9,787 ft), near the Lukmanier Pass). The journey from Arth-Goldau to Bellinzona takes not more than an hour. Here you can find further information regarding toll roads in Italy and how to calculate and pay the motorway toll: HERE YOU WILL FIND THE BEST TIPS FOR ITALY ! Sedrun portal (maintenance access, bridge over the Anterior Rhine), 1,334 m (4,377 ft) a.s.l. The link consists of two single-track tunnels connecting Erstfeld (Uri) with Bodio (Ticino) and passing below Sedrun (Grisons). It was a once-daily service from Flüelen railway station to Biasca railway station and in reverse. The Gotthard Road Tunnel is one of the three tunnels that connect the Swiss Plateau to southern Switzerland and run under the Gotthard Massif, the two other being railway tunnels, the Gotthard Tunnel (1882) and the Gotthard Base Tunnel (2016). The existing tunnel was at its capacity by 2013. The closest railway stations to the portals are Altdorf and Biasca. As a consequence the tunnel was renovated and made safer. Merry Christmas and see you all again in 2021! The tunnel was built to link Italy and Switzerland by rail. In 1882, with the inauguration of the Gotthard Railway Tunnel, the travel time between Altdorf and Biasca was reduced dramatically to only hours, though often accompanied with overnight stays in huge Fin de siècle-hotels, for example in Biasca. The tunnel was officially inaugurated on 1 June 2016. From the Amsteg portal, guided tours are organised inside the Gotthard Base Tunnel complex. For a long time the construction of the second Gotthard tunnel is discussed. To cut construction time in half, four access tunnels were built so that construction could start at four different sites simultaneously: Erstfeld, Amsteg, Sedrun, and Faido. We wish you all a wonderful Christmas time and lets close this special year so we can start the new one soonest. It would last until 1921. Published five months later, its report assesses the geological conditions and outlines a construction process involving two twin shafts. From 1953 onwards, the pass road was sequentially improved and expanded at several sections along the Gotthard route, finally ending in 1977 with the opening of an expressway fully circumventing the Tremola. [82], As of August 2017, an average of 10,400 people cross the tunnel daily. [22] A second tunnel will be built next to the first, following a national referendum. Find the travel option that best suits you. There were also the technical advantages of electrical engines and future technical improvements. See also: Bernard Wuthrich, "Le Romand du Gothard", world's longest railway and deepest traffic tunnel, normals/climate-diagrams-and- normal-values-per-station.html?region=Map Climate diagrams and normal values per station, "Project data – raw construction Gotthard Base Tunnel", "Über und durch den Gotthard – eine Zeitreise durch die Jahrhunderte", "World's longest and deepest rail tunnel to open in Switzerland", "Gotthard- und CeneriBasistunnel: die neue Gotthard-Bahn nimmt Gestalt an", "Gotthard tunnel: World's longest and deepest rail tunnel opens in Switzerland", "Le tunnel de base du Gothard révolutionnera le rail dans deux ans", "Chronology of a Project of the Century: Milestones in the Construction History up to 2010", "Gotthard Base Tunnel to be operational from 2016", "Oberaufsicht über den Bau der Neat im Jahre 2015: Bericht der Neat-Aufsichtsdelegation der eidgenössischen Räte zuhanden der Finanzkommissionen, der Geschäftsprüfungskommissionen und der Kommissionen für Verkehr und Fernmeldewesen", "Memorial ceremony for deceased tunnel workers", "Trois heures en 20 ans, le temps gagné pour traverser l'Europe par le Gothard", "Switzerland Celebrates World's Longest Rail Tunnel", "Opposing views on doubling the Gotthard tunnel – SWI", http://www.thelocal.ch/20160229/voters-give-green-light-to-new-gotthard-road-tunnel, 10.1659/0276-4741(2000)020[0192:TACAMF]2.0.CO;2, "Bundesrat bestätigt vorläufigen Verzicht auf die Porta Alpina", "Final breakthrough of the longest railway tunnel in the world", "Switzerland's Gotthard Base train tunnel is redefining Europe", "Switzerland: First transit in the Gotthard Base Tunnel", "Test trains running on Gotthard Base Tunnel", "The construction of the century takes shape", "Celebrations as last piece of track is laid in record-breaking Gotthard rail tunnel | euronews, world news", "Mit 275 Sachen durch den Gotthard-Basistunnel", "Structurally complete tunnels of the Amsteg section handed over", "Gotthard approaches final breakthrough, Ceneri starts main drive", "Installation of the railway systems in the north has begun", "Salvatore di Benedetto, † 21. 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