The Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB, Anoplophora glabripennis) is a highly destructive wood-boring pest of maples and other hardwood trees including poplar, birch and willow. Egg-laying sites on the outer part of the bark will be round with ½-inch depressions. While there are quite a few differences between the two, sometimes people may confuse these pests. Following positive detection of Asian longhorned beetle, trees identified to be infested or high-risk are removed and destroyed by chipping. What Does ALB Do to Trees? ), oak (Quercus sp. In many cases, areas found with this invasive beetle must be quarantined to prevent the spread of this species. Shiny black with bright white spots, the non-native Asian longhorned beetle (or ALB for short) feeds on a wide range of trees to the point of destruction. The Asian longhorned beetle is originally from China and the Korean peninsula and has previously been found in five other states (Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, and Ohio). The Asian Longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabrimennis), or ALB, is an invasive, wood boring insect from China that was accidentally introduced to the New York State in 1996 via wood packaging materials. Trees being attacked by Asian longhorn beetles often have wilted foliage and canopy dieback. With no current cure, early identification and eradication are critical to its control. In fact, to the untrained eye, the first time scale insects are spotted they might not even appear to be insects because of their flat appearance, they can be mistaken for part of a plant or tree. Asian Longhorn Beetles range in size from 1 to 1.5 inches. Two years later a separate infestation was found in the Chicago suburbs. It currently infests areas in Massachusetts, New York and Ohio. Things to look out for, include: Adult beetles are the most visible during the summer and early fall when the weather is warm. About the beetle The Asian longhorned beetle, or ALB, is an invasive insect that feeds on a wide variety of trees in the United States, eventually killing them. And while you may be familiar with swarms of these summer insects, called mayflies, how much do you know about where they thrive and how long they live? Methods to Monitor Asian Longhorned Beetle in Colorado Despite major effort that continues, to date there are no highly effective traps or lures for this insect. If you think you have seen Asian longhorned beetle or its damage, please contact the South Carolina Forestry Commission at (803) 667-1002 or djenkins@scfc.gov. Allow authorized workers access to property to inspect trees. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) found its way to the United States in wooden pallets and crates from its native China. Asian Longhorned Beetle; July 22, 1998: Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, has been discovered in a small area of Chicago, in a six-square-block region in the Ravenswood area. They attack both healthy trees and stressed or diseased trees. The bark of trees will have round, ⅜- to ½-inch exit holes created by adult beetles emerging from trees beginning in late July. It causes severe damage from 21-43½ north latitude and 100-127½ east longitude, especially in wooded populations. In the USA the beetle is well known in the states of New York, New Jersey, and Illinois. It hatches into a larva (white, grub-like stage), and then goes through a transformation stage called "pupation" before becoming an adult beetle. The beetle chews its way into hardwood trees to lay eggs. Populations in Illinois and New Jersey have been eradicated, while others continue with eradication efforts. Are Garter Snakes Poisonous? There are several identifiable signs of injury left by each stage of the beetle’s development in and on trees, some of which can be seen year round. Trees stressed by Asian longhorned beetle may exhibit early fall color by mid-summer, and weakened branches … ©Marion Javal: Oviposition site: Anoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle); oviposition site (arrowed) and adult feeding damage, on sugar maple (Acer saccharum). The Asian longhorned beetle, a black-and-white menace of hardwoods, has been found for the first time in South Carolina, near Charleston. Here's how you know. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) is a large (1-1.5 inches long), black beetle with white spots, … Females will lay one brood a year, consisting of up to 160 eggs. The .gov means it’s official. They will chew round pits in the bark of trees to lay their eggs. It’s Time to Shed the Falsehoods. The Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is native to China and Korea. Asian longhorned beetles are wood-boring beetles. In the Chicago area, the major host tree was maple (Acer spp. The Asian Longhorned ALB may have been introduced to the U.S. from China in untreated wooden pallets. Have you ever happened upon a small snake slithering through the grass? Keep reading to learn more about scale insects’ distinguishing features and how to identify different types of scale insects. With no current cure, early identification and eradication are critical to its control. (d) General shape of a pupa. In Canada the beetle attacks trees in Toronto and Ontario. 1. A well-informed public may be our best defense against this invasive species. ), willow (Salix sp. Identifying the Asian Longhorned Beetle . This species of beetle requires special treatment and should be left to the professionals. (b) Circular exit holes. The loss of maple trees could affect Canada's multi-million dollar maple syrup industry. About . Larvae and pupae likely hitchhiked from China in wooden packing material and the adult beetles emerged after the materials reached the New York Harbor. Mayfly life cycles are fascinating to many—but the adult stage is fleeting. Photo Credit: E. Richard Hoebeke, Cornell University & Dennis Haugen, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org, Photo Credit: Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources—Forestry Archive, Bugwood.org. Officials are asking anyone who lives in Charleston County or nearby counties, to be on the lookout for the Asian longhorned beetle and examine your trees for any damage that may be caused by the beetle, such as dime-sized exit holes in tree trunks and branches. Larval feeding is the primary cause of tree damage, as tunneling in the cambium disrupts vascular flow. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR), Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) Informational Website, Maples, including boxelder, red, silver and sugar maple, These materials can spread the infestation even if no beetles are visible. Once the eggs hatch, larvae will excavate and tunnel under the bark to feed on living tissue through the fall and winter. ).In addition, CLB will readily attack apple (Malus sp. We're available 24/7. The latitude of its distribution in the Far East corresponds in North America as running from Cancun, Mexico, to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. So far, the only method of control for Asian Longhorned Beetles requires removing and chipping infested trees, along with potential host trees, in the area where it is discovered. To help with these efforts, it is important to know how to identify the Asian longhorned beetle, so you can report it. August is the peak time of year to spot the invasive Asian longhorned beetle as adults emerge from trees. Quarantine facility of URZF, INRAE Orléans, France. To some people the smell of summer is a fresh cut grass or morning dew, but to me summer is the scent of healthy trees in full bloom. The Asian longhorned beetle was first detected in Brooklyn, New York, in 1996 and has since spread to a variety of states, including New Jersey, Ohio and Massachusetts. With the smaller species there can be hundreds or even thousands of them, making the group of them more noticeable than an individual psocid would be. The United States Department of Agriculture has been trying to put a stop to the spread of Asian longhorned beetles in the U.S. due to the extreme damage they cause. The loss of hardwoods could affect cultural, spiritual and/or economic values of Indigenous people. It reminds me that summer isn’t over yet and there is still time to be outdoors. Come May each year, a special insect emerges near some of our lakes. After initially feeding on the inner bark (cambium and phloem) and sapwood surface (xylem), larvae tunnel deeper into the sapwood and heartwood of the tree, and slowly kill the tree as they feed. ALB cause the most damage during the larval phase of their life cycle, which is spent entirely within the wood of trees. The Asian Long-Horned Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis The Situation: An exotic long-horned beetle was first discovered attacking ornamental trees in New York City and Chicago. One obvious impact would be on timber production. ALB was detected in the Toronto, Ontario area in 2003 and quick action lead to eradication of the pest over the following years. 3. Landscaper's Guide to Asian Longhorned Beetle and its Host Trees English Version pdf Spanish Version pdf. ), and others. What Does ALB Do to Trees? Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) found its way to the United States in wooden pallets and crates from its native China. These soft-bodied pests rarely grow larger than three-sixteenths of an inch long, making it difficult to spot a few of these pests outdoors. Movement out of its native range is often associated with international trade. It threatens recreation and forest resources valued at billions of dollars. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. In fact, many are sold and kept as pets. Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) is a wood-boring pest that usually targets deciduous hardwood trees such as elm, willow, poplar, maple and a variety of fruit trees. See your browser's documentation for specific instructions. August 2015. ¾ Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) has the potential to cause more damage to trees than Gypsy Moth, Dutch Elm … The beetle is native to China and the Korean Peninsula and is in the wood-boring beetle family Cerambycidae. How ALB Spreads . The loss of hardwoods could affect Canada's forest industry through the loss of billions of dollars in wood products. Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was first discovered in North America at several ports in the early 1990's. The United States Department of Agriculture has been trying to put a stop to the spread of Asian longhorned beetles in the U.S. due to the extreme damage they cause. This page requires Javascript. Asian longhorned beetle damage is easy to spot. ), elm (Ulmus sp. By using our website, you agree to our use of cookies to analyze website traffic and improve your experience on our website. CHARLESTON COUNTY, S.C. (WCSC) - The United States Department of Agriculture will be removing more than 3,100 trees from Charleston County in its efforts to eradicate the Asian longhorned beetle, a destructive invasive pest which was recently found in the area. more images. However, horse chestnut, black locust, elm, rose of Sharon, and green ash were also attacked. Remember: buy local, burn local. A journey through the early detection and rapid response to the introduction of the invasive Asian longhorned beetle in Canada A study by the USDA Forest Service determined that if the Asian longhorned beetle became established across the country, it would probably kill 30% of all urban trees — at a compensatory value of $669 billion. Asian longhorned beetle adult next to a penny in a person’s hand. The loss of hardwoods could impact the tourism and recreati… In New York, in addition to maples and horse chestnuts, poplars and will… Distribution: This beetle is widely distributed in China, Japan and Korea. Once infected, a tree can’t be saved; tens of thousands of trees have already been lost in the northern and central US. There have also been occasional interceptions of individual beetles in the UK. (Source: Live 5 News) ... “What we could end up seeing in South Carolina is much more damage happening from the beetle in a shorter period of time.” This is an eradication effort and the USDA is creating an environmental assessment specifically for South Carolina. The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) is an injurious pest known to cause serious harm to hardwood forests, shade trees and residential forests in New Jersey, along with economic damage to the lumber, maple syrup, nursery and tourism industries in the Northeastern United States. Javascript is disabled in this browser. Although poplar, birch, elm, and willow are considered hosts for Asian longhorned beetle, there is little evidence that Asian longhorned beetle would cause significant economic damage to trees in these genera in the natural setting (Hu et al. The young will emerge in the spring through round exit holes, leaving behind noticeable damage. The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis)has earned the title of pest both here and in its home country of China. Discounted monetary losses for timber resources around Chicago and New York would range from $1 million to $10 million 30 years after introduction (USDA APHIS & Forest Service, 2000). This insect is native to China, Korea, and Japan. ALB Bookmarks : We designed two versions of eye-catching bookmarks with the basic information needed to identify ALB and its damage, and what to do and who to call if they find ALB. All rights reserved. Beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis, or ALB) is a threat to America's hardwood trees. The beetle chews its way into hardwood trees to lay eggs. The Asian longhorned beetle is an exotic pest that has threatened a wide variety of hardwood trees in North America. The Asian longhorned beetle can affect ecology, economic activities, urban landscapes as well as tourism and recreation industries. 2009); therefore, we focused on maples in the nonurban setting. The Asian Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis, or ALB) is a threat to America's hardwood trees. Massachusetts, New York, Ohio and South Carolina. If you suspect you have a serious wood-boring or Asian longhorned beetle problem, it’s time to call an arborist (a tree specialist). Though not yet found in western states, all states are considered at risk. The eggs will hatch in about 10–15 days. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) is a large (1-1.5 inches long), black beetle with white spots, long black and white stripped antennae and bluish feet (Figure 1). Find more details at the Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) Informational Website. And with August as Tree Check Month for the invasive Asian longhorned beetle (ALB), it’s a good time to take a look at your trees to make sure they are beetle free. What you can do is look for and report it before it destroys more trees. If you're new to managing plants, you may be wondering what aphids actually are. What does Asian and citrus longhorn beetle damage look like? 1/16 in wide. Have you ever seen tiny, lightly-colored insects crawling around your home or garden? However, some of the psocid species are 1/10th this size (size ranges from 0.04 inch to 0.4 inch or 1/25” – 3/16”), just barely visible without magnification. (f) Larval gallery or tunnel in wood. Host plants and economic damage. Effects and Impacts. Adult females lay their eggs in an opening in the bark (often the exit hole left by an emerging adult). We’re offering insights on some of the small insects you may find inside and outside your home. The Asian Longhorned Beetle, an invasive pest from China, was discovered in New York and Illinois in the 1990's. All life stages can survive hidden in firewood. The Asian longhorned beetle. Asian Longhorned Beetle awareness. Detections of this pest have since been made in most states in the northeastern portion of the United States as well as in California beginning in 1996. Photo courtesy of Larry R. Barber USDA-FS . You can see them on trees or migrating a short distance to find a host between the months of July and August. So far, the only method of control for Asian Longhorned Beetles requires removing and chipping infested trees, along with potential host trees, in the area where it is discovered. Asian longhorned beetle damage to boards and pallets. 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