Consents and permissions you might need. A consent for your design can be obtained from your local council. The timber grade must be at least SG8 (wet in service), except infill members, which may be SG6 (wet in service). Building work in connection with a deck, platform, bridge, boardwalk, or the like from which it is not possible to fall more than 1.5 meters even if it collapses. Building code requirements for exterior decking railings and stairways are especially stringent because decks fall into the category of critical health and safety matters. However, even consented balconies could be unsafe. Understand project stages, from scoping and design to consents, construction and completion. It is not mandatory to follow an Acceptable Solution. Previous title has changed; Search within this Legislative Instrument. My question is, are there any rules in NZ about building this sort of thing without a permit or something. Water must be able to drain between the planks, so they need to be installed with a gap between them. To ask for help or report a problem with our services or facilities, contact us. Acceptable Solution E2/AS1 provides a means of compliance with Building Code Clause E2 External Moisture. The web is full of documents entitled "amendment to NZS 3604", but where is the actual NZS 3604? with a Weathertight Services claim, it is published under section 12 of the Weathertight Homes Resolution Services Act 2006. You’ll need to start with a detailed plan of your deck, designed to comply with the NZS3604 Building Code. ​Our online tool helps you check if you need a building or resource consent for your deck. It is important that you understand the Christchurch deck building requirements before you begin your projects. This new generation composite decking is extremely stylish, looks and feels like timber, but requires minimal maintenance and will last many years longer than traditional wood decks. Timber-slatted decks consist of a decking surface of timber planks installed over timber joiststhat are supported by a stringer attached to the building exterior. For safe, healthy and durable buildings, all building work in New Zealand must meet certain standards. The Building Act. authorities require consent for any decks attached to a house. Even if you don’t need a building consent all works must be completed in accordance with the Building Code. To work out the amount of bracing you need, refer to NZS 3604:2011 Timber-framed buildings Table 5.8 for single-storey buildings using a light subfloor cladding, light wall cladding, and light roof options for a 0 – 25° pitch roof. …then you need to understand some of the regulations around building and the processes involved. Advice . In this month’s issue of Under Construction, we look at some options. You can use vinyl under floating timber decks, to fix a leaky roof deck, to create shelter underneath a deck, and for apartment balconies. See our HOW TO DESIGN A DECK Easy As guide & video, this will take you through the process step by step. Decks require a building consent where it is possible to fall more than 1.5 m etres so we recommend checking this before you start any building work. New Zealand Building Code access requirements. It provides methods and details that are used to design many NZ timber-framed houses and small buildings, including many residential decks. From style and safety, to choosing your tradie we find out the 11 top tips for building a deck from builder Joel Johns-Markham 11 things you need to know before building a new deck. It provides a way of complying with … The bearer (see Figure 3) consists of two 150 x 50 mm lengths of timber nailed together. It provides an overview of the regulatory framework, Building Code, core definitions, publications referenced, and an index of the Building Code, Acceptable Solutions and Verification Methods by building element or aspect. If you plan to build a deck that is up to 1.5m high, you don't need a building consent but you may still need a resource consent, depending on the rules in the Proposed Auckland Unitary Plan. The building code specifies standards for slip resistance of pedestrian access routes. But before you start, there are a number of things to consider. BRANZ search and locate tool The BRANZ digital helpline, a useful directory of building and construction information in New Zealand. DECK BUILDING CODE TIPS. You don’t need a building consent for decks that are up to 1.5 metres above ground. Kiwis love their homes and we love to make them better, but managing the risks means having to do some homework around the rules and regulations and not just abdicating responsibilities to your building professionals. Note: The building code can be found in Schedule 1 of these regulations, and is in force. not damage public service drains if its foundations are close to the pipes. It is however helpful to draw out a plan to work out the bearers, joints, spacing and lengths. It is a general guide only and, if used, does not relieve any person of the obligation to consider any matter to which the information relates according to the circumstances of the particular case. If your deck is more than 1m high, it must have a handrail. The calculations are important for the stairs and stringers for them to be within code regulations. The NZ Building Code clause F4 says that “a barrier is needed when someone could fall one metre or more.” If the fall is greater than one metre, an approved balustrade must be installed. Before you can build a deck, it’s important to do the groundwork. Decks may need to meet other requirements so check your design meets all … This guide will take you through the process step by step, so you can get the job done right. Decks and balconies supported by untreated, kiln-dried timber may pose a safety risk, particularly where water pools rather than drains away. The design requirements for decks attached to a building are set out in NZS 3604:2011 Timber- framed buildings section 7.4. Building code. Use licensed people for restricted building work, Choosing the right people for your type of building work, Work that doesn't require a building consent, Acceptable Solutions and Verification Methods, Rights and obligations in the building process, Builder and designer rights and obligations, Understanding the building consent process, How to support your building consent application, Typical council inspections of a building project, Different ways to comply with the Building Code, General information on building safety in earthquakes, Securing unreinforced masonry building parapets and facades, Managing your BWoF (for buildings with specified systems), Change of use, alterations and extension of life, Inspections and maintenance of specified systems as a building owner, Fines and penalties for offences relating to compliance schedules, National Construction Pipeline Report 2020, Updating the timber-framed building standard (NZS 3604), untreated, kiln-dried timber used for structural support, a balustrade clad with lightweight materials with a plaster finish, holes or cuts in the waterproof floor surfacing, flat access, with no step, where the deck meets the building doorway. The second thing to be aware of is the Building Act (NZS 3604:2011) – decks that have a finished height above 1.5 metres from the ground require a consent. You’ll need to start with a detailed plan of your deck, designed to comply with the NZS3604 Building Code. Before checking whether you need a consent for your deck, you need to know: There will be an explanation on how to calculate these factors in the online consent tool. Water restrictions are in effect across the Auckland region. Certain types of timber construction are of concern. In order to be compliant with building codes and safety regulations, stairs need guardrails with handrails. Step 17: Install Stair Railings. has a railing where water is able to leak down screw holes. If you plan to build a deck that is up to 1.5m high, you don't need a building consent but you may still need a resource consent, depending on the rules in the Proposed Auckland Unitary Plan. Expert advice may be required in specific circumstances. Best of all being made from recycled wood and plastic materials, BiForm composite decking offers a truly sustainable alternative to hardwood timber decking. This tool does not apply to decks located above the ground floor or on a steep, sloping section. It may have large beams to put a roof in, have not decided if its going to be canvas or wood structure or something of the sort. Under the Building Act, if a deck is less than 1.5M above the finished ground level, you do not need a Building Consent or to produce plans. They must also be maintained throughout their life. Unlike wood, you won’t be burdened by cracks and splinters. Consumers can call the Consumer Helpline - 0900 5 90 90 - calls cost $1.99 per minute, plus GST. The last thing you want is to spend time, energy and money building a deck using the wrong types of timber and fittings without a required consent. Is there proper waterproofing around the cantilevered joists or around other joists that penetrate the house wall? We’ll cover everything from getting council approval, to checking for underground cables and pipes, to what style of deck you want. damp spots or stains where the balcony, balustrade or deck joins the main part of the building, cracks, particularly near junctions, joints and corners, balustrades where damp spots or stains can be seen on the cladding. The Building Code sets out the minimum levels of performance that a building must meet or exceed. Are the balustrades or posts correctly connected to the deck or balcony structure? Building Compliance and Consents Phone: 04 801 4311 Email: bcc@wcc.govt.nz Where this information relates to assisting people: This will print only the current page of this guidance document. Selecting this option may use a lot of paper. It also needs to have a lifespan of no less than 15 years for the balusters , … NZS 3604 is New Zealand’s most sought-after standard. See everything in 'Building Code compliance'. Our team at Auckland Building Specialists have extensive experience building decks, driveways, patios, pathways, and more. Avoid accidents and make site safety a priority. Explore articles explaining connections between joists, beams and support posts with carpenters tools to build a code compliant deck structure. Specific engineering design is required for decks over this height. disclaimer: just from what I've learnt building a couple of decks, not a qualified expert :) Hot dip galv is fine if you are not in a coastal area (if you are, pay the extra for the stainless - the timber treatment eats away enough) Owners of properties with a balcony or deck should consider whether any of these risk factors exist: Owners should also inspect the barrier or balustrade as there may be further risk if it: Warning signs of possible danger include: Open timber decks constructed with durable, treated timbers are less likely to be of concern, but the following checks should be made. Whether a building consent is required or not, a safety barrier is required where the fall is 1 metre or more. is clad with lightweight material with a plaster finish. We have help you get the look that you want and stick to your budget. Share this guide. We have broken down each part of the process we go through when designing a new deck build. PVC is tough, it stands up to NZ’s weather conditions, and is backed by 15 year warranty. Full knowledge of your enquiry may result in you being … Being a law-abiding citizen at times, I want to consult with document NZS 3604, which outlines all standards applicable to building decking according to council regulations and building codes, before I design my deck and order my timber. What to do when you’re planning a building project. Local councils no longer get heavily involved, but the crucial thing is to ensure you follow the Building Code. 1. From style and safety, to choosing your tradie we find out the 11 top tips for building a deck from builder Joel Johns-Markham 11 things you need to know before building a new deck. © Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, with compliance with the Building Act, it is published under section 175 of the Building Act. Many builders take different approaches, but good planning will always result in a smoother building process. decks where the fall distance to the ground is less than 1 m do not require a handrail, but we have included instructions for building a 1 m high handrail as part of the deck. Building a deck is a great way to expand your outdoor living space. Are any galvanised steel connectors corroding? interior water damage or any visible change to interior finishings adjacent to or directly beneath the balcony or deck. Is there any sign of timber beginning to decay? The NZ Building Code clause F4 says that “a barrier is needed when someone could fall one metre or more.” If the fall is greater than one metre, an approved balustrade must be installed. Building code. Surfaces which provide the direct access route (including where this is a deck) require a slip resistance of 0.4. Where it’s possible to fall 1m or more from a deck, the building code requires a barrier that’s able to withstand all imposed, wind and impact loads. Before constructing your deck, balcony or veranda, check out the available information about building and maintaining decks online at The NZ Building Code Compliance Document B1/AS2 gives descriptions of suitable barrier types and limitations. Facebook Pinterest. A stringer is the wide board that supports the stair treads on either side and runs at an angle. Continue to step-by-step instructions Specific engineering design is required for decks over this height. Nurajacks are a self-leveling adjustable pedestal for membrane decks or over any stable, non-eroding surface. Since 2007, gluing tiles to membrane decks has been prohibited according to page 54 of the E2/AS1 compliance document of the NZ Building Code. This application replaces the need to apply for a resource consent. While slatted decks can be installed to the level of the internal floor that they are accessed from (particularly where disabled access is required), it is good practice to set the deck level at a minimum of 50 mm below floor level. The legislation is administered nationally by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment – Building and Housing Group and on a local basis by Building Consent Authorities using a building consent process. Even though no building consent is needed in the above projects, their construction must comply with the Building Code … It is produced by MBIE. Building or renovating is a highly complex undertaking, full of risk but with an abundance of reward if it all comes together. Building your own deck falls into the top end of do it yourself work and is a satisfying achievement for any home owner. This will print the complete guidance document, including this page. Provides methods and details for the design and construction of timber-framed structures not requiring specific engineering design. Is there anywhere that water can sit or track into the house? You will still need to apply for a building consent, if required. Nurajacks provide the ultimate solution. Do the flashings take water away from the house wall and allow it to drain away? cantilevered joists (or other joists that penetrate the exterior wall) lacking flashings. For example, is there any sign of excessive cracking or 'softness'? Water must be able to drain between the planks, so they need to be installed with a gap between them. A 12 mm gap between the first … If there is a handrail on the balustrade it should be fixed to the side of the balustrade, not through the top where it could cause a leak more easily. Before planning your deck always check with your local authority on any planning restrictions, as some councils require a consent for any deck partly supported by a … See our How to Design a Deck Easy As guide & video, this will take you through the process step by step. However, even consented balconies could be unsafe. If you want to get building consent yourself, bring us the plans and we will build your deck. Timber-slatted decks – attached Timber-slatted decks consist of a decking surface of timber planks installed over timber joists that are supported by a stringer attached to the building exterior. Subject to section 42A of the Building Act, Schedule 1 exempts the following from a building consent: Building work in connection with a deck, platform, bridge, boardwalk, or the like from which it is not possible to fall more than 1.5 metres even if it collapses. It also needs to have a lifespan of no less than 15 years for the balusters , … In particular, there is risk of timber decay where water can be trapped within timber balustrades enclosed by cladding or where the floor is covered with a waterproof … Are bolted connections tight, especially on balustrades and handrails? We show you the 3-4-5 rule to make sure your deck is square, and teach you how to run string lines to mark the position of your stumps. The New Zealand Building Code requires a minimum separation of 12mm between the wall cladding and a timber slat deck so that water will not become trapped. If you don’t want to design your own deck, you can get a Licensed Building Practitioner or an engineer to do this. They should not wobble. The Building Code is also reproduced in the New Zealand Building Code Handbook, which you can view or download. NZS 3604 Timber-framed buildings requires that the top of a timber or concrete pile must be at least 150 mm above the ground, which determines the clearance between the bottom of the bearer and the ground to be a minimum of 150 mm. Building Code Clause E2 requires external roof, wall claddings and external openings to prevent external moisture from causing undue dampness or damage. Depending on where your deck is and what it's attached to, you might need a building consent to demolish a deck – even if you're not replacing it. Acceptable Solution E2/AS1 provides a means of compliance with Building Code Clause E2 External Moisture. By contrast, deck code is truly a matter of life and death and preventing serious injury. A deck, balcony or veranda must comply with the Building Act 2004 and the New Zealand Building Code. Although the design requirements for both are generally the same, there are some differences to consider The design requirements for decks attached to a building are set out in NZS 3604:2011 Timber- framed buildings section 7.4. For durability and treatment, see NZS 3602 Timber and wood-based products for use in building. Plans, policies, bylaws, reports and projects, Consents, building and renovation projects, 1. If your deck is close to a boundary, and you have the written approval from your neighbours, you can apply for a. Building Consents do not give any form of planning approval under the Council's District Plan. Where applicable, […] BRANZ search and locate tool The BRANZ digital helpline, a useful directory of building and construction information in New Zealand. If your deck is more than 1m high, it must have a handrail. (https://building.govt.nz, 2019) This Standard applies to residential buildings up to three-storeys high including multi-residential buildings, some commercial buildings and freestanding, uninhabited garages. It originally appeared in Codewords newsletters prior to January 2014. The Department of Building and Housing website has the basic information in a comprehensive format. Build new decks from scratch or import existing deck codes, customize them to your heart's delight, then share your decks or copy the code into the game and start playing! We can help improve access to your home, and we can create areas where you and your family can relax and enjoy your outside space for many years to come. We recommend calling us to check the requirements for your situation. 36 //NZ PROPERTY INVESTOR ... around the building of decks have actually relaxed considerably in recent years. Find out which consents and permissions you might need for different types of building projects in Wellington City. No building work requiring a Building Consent can start until one has been issued (it cannot be issued retrospectively once the work is started) and any other requirements, such as complying with Resource Consent conditions, have been met. This information was confirmed as current in February 2016. Decks and balconies more than 1.5 metres above the ground need a building consent. Check if you need a consent to build a deck, dimensions of the project (height, total area), location on property where the project will go, total pre-existing building coverage on property. This in depth section will teach DIY builders to frame a deck using pressure treated lumber. I was planning to build an outside deck which will have a bar area and bbq section. Building Code clauses have Acceptable Solutions which are documents that set out methods of complying with the Building Code. You should contact the Building Unit of your local Council before starting construction work if you are unsure about whether or not a building consent is needed. The reforms will speed up consenting and build confidence in the building system. Many code requirements, while important, rarely touch upon life and death matters. Decks below one metre off the ground do not require building consent but must still comply with the Building Code. For more ‘Know How’ guides & projects visit www.placemakers.co.nz BUILDING A TIMBER DECK KNOW HOW GUIDE. Check if you need a consent to build a deck. Where applicable, the structural and durability requirements and the selection of timber, fixings and fastenings are the same for both freestanding and attached decks. Or if you’ve only got a small space to work with, check out these great ideas for small spaces. Look at where the deck meets the wall of the house. Builder Joel Johns-Markham knows a thing or two about decks so we get his advice on tackling a new build or extending an existing outdoor living space. failure of those building elements to comply with the building code would go undetected during normal use of the building, but would be easily detected during normal maintenance. Tirohia mēnā me tono whakaaetanga rānei koe mō te hanga rahoraho. ZS 3604:2011 Timber-framed buildings section 7.4 is the non- specific design standard for timber decks that are supported from the main part of a building and are no more than 3.0 m high from the lowest point of cleared ground to the upper surface of the finished deck. Measuring Tapes, Rulers & Squares. More D.I.Y. Select timber species and grades for residential deck barriers in accordance with NZS 3603 Timber structures standard. A determination is a binding decision made by MBIE providing a way of solving disputes or questions about the rules that apply to buildings, how buildings are used, building accessibility, and health and safety. If your deck is below 1.5 metres then it doesn’t require consent, however it must still meet other building requirements, primarily the durability and structural requirements. Where the deck is wider than 2 m, subfloor bracing (anchor, braced, or cantilevered piles) will be required. In this video we show you how to set out a deck. If you own a building that contains a specified system such as a cable car, you must ensure they are effectively operated for the life of the building and in keeping with the council-issued compliance schedule. It consists of three clauses of general provisions and 38 clauses covering specific areas such as structure, durability, moisture, energy efficiency, fire safety and services such as electricity and water supply. The New Zealand Building Code also requires you to use stainless steel fixings. Building and construction professionals can also call the BRANZ Helpline - 0800 80 80 85 - for advice. NZS 3604 can be used for timber-framed buildings with one, two or certain configurations of three storeys. Also, all new building work (unless it is exempted minor work) must receive a building consent before it is carried out. Building work in New Zealand is controlled by the Building Act 2004 and the various Building Regulations which includes the building code.The legislation is administered nationally by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment – Building and Housing Group and on a local basis by Building Consent Authorities using a building consent process. Learn how to set out a deck with this instructional step by step guide from Bunnings. Builder Joel Johns-Markham knows a thing or two about decks so we get his advice on tackling a new build or extending an existing outdoor living space. It should take you about 10 minutes to complete. In particular, there is risk of timber decay where water can be trapped within timber balustrades enclosed by cladding or where the floor is covered with a waterproof surfacing, with or without tiles laid on it. Building a deck is a big DIY job, and it’s really important that your deck is designed properly and adheres to the building code. In 2012, the Department of Building and Housing (now the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment) […] Deck Joist Cantilever Rules and Limits The distance your joists can safely cantilever or overhang a drop beam is determined by the size of the joists, the wood … The enclosure of an existing house porch or deck, like all new building work, must meet the relevant performance requirements of the Building Code. 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