Freebase http://www.freebase.com/ A community-compiled database of structured data about people, places and things, with over 45 million entries. In recent years, some repositories of key administrative data have been made available to the research community on a restricted-use basis. Data on the changing occupational mix and the skill requirements of these occupations are a vital source for tracking these changes. If displaced, the outcomes in terms of employment and earnings can be tracked. View our suggested citation for this chapter. Topsy http://topsy.com/ Free, comprehensive social media data is hard to come by – after all their data is what generates profits for the big players (Facebook, Twitter etc) so they don’t want to give it away. As discussed in Chapter 3, productivity growth in the United States surged during the tech boom in the 1990s through the early 2000s but has slowed since the mid-2000s. In particular, analysis of Twitter fields, conducted jointly by experts in computer science and economics, has been used to track and predict unemployment trends.22. Most censuses take place at 10 year intervals, so data from this and other published sources may be out-of-date at the time the researcher wants to make use of the statistics. the LEHD data infrastructure.5 Integrating alternative types of workforce arrangements should be a high priority for the future. Amazon Web Services public datasets http://aws.amazon.com/datasets Huge resource of public data, including the 1000 Genome Project, an attempt to build the most comprehensive database of human genetic information and NASA’s database of satellite imagery of Earth. MarketLine presents information in an easy-to-read format, so you can absorb key information in minutes, not hours. The Confidential Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 52 Council of Economic Advisors, 2016, Economic Report of the President, p. 249, https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/ERP_2016_Book_Complete%20JA.pdf. However, these approaches require rigorous privacy-protection measures, protection of confidential business information, and cognizance of the potential for intrinsic bias in mined data; such challenges extend broadly to all data-driven research. Such data range from “naturally occurring” data, created and saved as a byproduct of digital transactions, to detailed case studies of a work process or environment, obtained by methodical, scientific observation of employees at work. data complement the household-based surveys by providing data on wages by detailed occupation and location as reported by employers. (For example, the BPP cannot easily account for services.) Such sources include: the internet, newspapers, journals, transcripts from radio or TV programmes, leaflets, photographs and other artefacts (man-made objects). 44 D.H. Autor and D. Dorn, 2013, The growth of low-skill service jobs and the polarization of the US labor market, American Economic Review 103(5):1553-1597. This preliminary qualitative analysis suggested that the abilities of these leading-edge IT and robotics systems were analogous to the skill level required to successfully perform approximately 81 percent of current U.S. jobs. To understand the changing nature of the labor market, it is also critical to track workforce and employer dynamics and transitions. Information as a product must be used in some way (… There are three primary and general federal statistical agencies: the Bureau of the Census, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS); additional federal statistical agencies are dedicated to particular sectors or activity of specific types, such as the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). CES data are generally used to evaluate monthly employment and earnings growth rates, rather than absolute levels, and are annually benchmarked (or normalized) to the more comprehensive QCEW. Much as advances in analytical methods have enabled new products, services, and tools for research and business (with implications for the workforce), such methods also present new opportunities for identifying and understanding changes in the labor economy. Facebook Graph https://developers.facebook.com/docs/graph-api Although much of the information on users’ Facebook profile is private, a lot isn’t – Facebook provide the Graph API as a way of querying the huge amount of information that its users are happy to share with the world (or can’t hide because they haven’t worked out how the privacy settings work). Coverage: Current. Further integration of these and other alternative data sources on workers and firms has great promise for enabling future research, as discussed in research theme 8 in Chapter 6. Advances in big data approaches and computational and storage capacity make it possible to monitor, track, and analyze job openings over time, including key elements such as position title, industry sector, listed skills and educational requirements for a given job title, and how long the posting persists before it is removed. 4. The information source horizon metaphor is meant to invoke an imaged horizon (a landscape) in which information sources are nearer or further on this horizon depending on the accessibility of the source and the likelihood that it will be used. The following types of naturally occurring data—that is, data that would exist in digital form whether or not someone sought them—provide key examples of analytical opportunities for researchers. 20 A. Cavallo and R. Rigobon, 2016, The Billion Prices Project: Using online prices for measurement and research, Journal of Economic Perspectives 30(2):151-178. These methods include case studies, participant observation, ethnographic interviewing, life histories, and the analysis of textual data. Alternatively, the changing nature of the workplace at some firms may lead to new opportunities that can be tracked. 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